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Association for Nature Conservation & Social Upliftment
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PUBLICATIONS
Inclusion of incorrect information in a snakebite first-aid curriculum in schools and universities in Nepal
Date: 2010-07-20
Author/s Deb Prasad Pandey
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PUBLICATIONS
Health Problems of Geriartic Age Group In Chitwan District
Date: 2009-08-10
Author/s Laxmi Subedi, MPH
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PUBLICATIONS
Education, campaigning and awareness program
Date: 0000-04-22
Author/s The F.A Team, Ancsu
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PUBLICATIONS
Violence Against Women in Nepal -- An Overview
Date: 0000-00-00
Author/s Dr. Sunil kr. Joshi & JN Kharel
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PUBLICATIONS
Vermicompostingfor Sustainable Resource Utilization
Date: 2008-12-01
Author/s The Envt. & BC Team, Ancsu
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Vermicompostingfor Sustainable Resource Utilization

Vermicomposting (a part of Integrated Farming) for Sustainable Resource Utilization in Fulbari-3, Chitwan

 

ANCSU-Nepal, NAST 2008

 

Abstract

 

INTRODUCTION: Human activities especially in urban and semi-urban areas create solid wastes that need appropriate and safe management to healthy living conditions for the population. Typically one to two thirds of uncollected solid wastes mixed with hazardous waste, human and animal excreta contribute to the environmental impacts and pose great risks to the public health. The organic waste management has always been a major environmental and social problem and management of cites\' waste becomes a political issue. The geo-scientifically viable, environmentally suitable and socially acceptable sanitary landfill sites are also very limited in highly dense cities. Hence, integrated farming (vermicomposting, frog culture, Mahoor (carnivorous) fish farming) may have immense signification for sustainable management of solid wastes through their utilization eco-friendly way. OBJECTIVES: To aware and encourages the local people for household level vermicomposting so as to reduce the organic waste at the site of generation, to explore the population dynamic of composting worms, to convert degradable organic waste into valuable compost, explore the potential multipurpose uses of worms in different sectors and to develop the slogan: Fohar lai Mohar Banau. METHODOLOGY: Single variety of composting earthworm known as red worm (Eisenia fetida) was used for small scale vermicomposting. A wooden box of size (21.51.5) feet was used for the study.  The protective measures were applied by putting the box in a metal frame with stands deep in bowls filled with water and cover by metal gage on the top for protection against ants and rodents. The bed was prepared by using five kilogram of chopped and dry straw and 25kg of buffalo dung (15 days old). A total of 100 red worms were placed in the box and covered by black plastic. The temperature and moisture were maintained at a constant level by putting it in shadow and occasional sprinkled with water. After 52 days the total number of red worms and its cocoons produced were counted and the vermicompost so produced was weighted. The study is continued. RESULT AND DISCUSSION:  At the end of 52 days of vermiculture, the E. fetida increases in number from 100 worms to 348 worms. Similarly, 625 numbers of cocoons were also recorded from the box. The weight of vermicompost so produced was nine kilograms while the remaining organic matter constitute of 12 kg. A total of 378 individuals from different sectors visited the environmental education and research center and observed the vermiculture technique and were made aware and encouraged about the technique. The study indicated that vermicomposting of domestic waste could be an effective technology to convert the negligible resource into some value-added products, e.g. vermicomposts and earthworms on a low-input basis and also pave the way to reduce solid waste management in developing countries like Nepal in eco-friendly and sustainable way.

 Details: www.nast.org.np

Key words: Vermicomposting, Red worms, Organic waste, Vermicompost, SustainabilitySpecial Acknowledgement: Hem Kanta Sharma;
Acknowledgements: Chandra P Adhikari1, Tej P Pathak2 Hem Kanta Sharma3, Ram Chandra Piya4, Dr. Chhabi Lal Thapa5 Jagannath Kharel6, Deb Prasad Pandey7  

 

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© ANCSU 2008, ancsunepal@gmail.com
 
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